What is the reputation of NIT (National institute of technology ) outside India.?

  • To the typical American: Absolutely nothing. No one would know it. The same could be said for IIT. Don’t feel bad though; the typical American (or person anywhere in the world) is pretty stupid.
  • To a software engineer at top companies / startups: Few would know it. People know IIT generally as being a strong school, but that’s it. I say this because I spoke at NIT Trichy and few of my fellow Software Engineers had never really heard of it. When I said I was going to IIT however, then they were impressed.
  • To a recruiter at top companies / startups: Many recruiters will have lists of how good different schools are, or will be informed enough. They’ll likely see it as second to IIT, if they know of it. But odds are also good that they don’t know anything other than IIT.

Many people are also not aware that there are multiple NITs / IITs.

The National Institutes of Technology (NITs) are autonomous public institutes of higher education, located in India. They are governed by the National Institutes of Technology Act, 2007, which declared them as institutions of national importancealongside Indian Institutes of Technology. These institutes of national importance receive special recognition from the Government of India. The NIT Council is the supreme governing body of India’s National Institutes of Technology (NIT) system and all 31 NITs are funded by the Government of India. These institutes are among the top ranked engineering colleges in India and have one of the lowest acceptance rates for engineering institutes, of around 2 to 3 percent, second only to the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) in India. All NITs are autonomous which enables them to set up their own curriculum. The language of instruction is English at all these institutes.[1][2]

NITs offer degree courses at bachelors, masters, and doctorate levels in various branches of engineering, architecture, management and science. Admission to the under-graduate courses such as Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech.) and Bachelor of Architecture (B.Arch) programs in NITs are through the highly competitive Joint Entrance Examination (Main). Admission to postgraduate courses are through the Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering for Master of Technology (M.Tech.) and Master of Science (M.Sc.) programs, Common Admission Test for Master of Business Administration (MBA) program and NIMCET for Master of Computer Applications (MCA) program.[3][4][5]
Since 2015, the Joint Seat Allocation Authority and Centralized Counselling for M.Tech/M.Arch and M.Plan conduct the admission process for undergraduate and postgraduate programs respectively in all NITs. As of 2017, the total number of seats for undergraduate programs is 19,000 and for post graduate programs is 8,050 in all 31 NITs.[6][7][8]
Institutes
NITs and locations, sorted by date of establishment[9]

During the second five-year plan (1956–60) in India, a number of industrial projects were contemplated. To ensure enough supply of trained personnel to meet the demand for these projects, a decision was taken to start the Regional Engineering Colleges (RECs), at the rate of one per each major state, which can churn out graduates with good engineering merit. Thus, seventeen RECs were established from 1959 onwards in each of the major states. Each college was a joint and cooperative enterprise of the central government and the concerned state government. The Government opened 8 RECs in 1960 two in each region, as follows:

Region

Regional Engineering Colleges (REC)

Eastern Region

Western Region

Southern Region

Northern Region

Later on 5 more were added by 1965. The early 14 Institutes were Srinagar, Warangal, Calicut, Durgapur, Kurukshetra, Jamshedpur, Jaipur, Nagpur, Rourkela, Surathkal, Surat, Trichy, Bhopal, and Allahabad. It established one in Silchar in 1967 and added two others located at Hamirpur in 1986, and Jalandhar in 1987.
These were large-sized institutions judged by the standards then prevailing in the country. The considerations that weighed in this decision were :
A large-sized college would be more efficient than the equivalent small colleges, the proposed colleges have to meet the additional requirements of the country as a whole and for that purpose should have to function on an all-India basis. Therefore, the smaller they are in number and the larger in size, the better, and for the same reason their location is important from an all-India point of view.
The RECs were jointly operated by the central government and the concerned state government. Non-recurring expenditures and expenditures for post-graduate courses during the REC period were borne by the central government while recurring expenditure on undergraduate courses was shared equally by central and state governments.
The success of technology-based industry led to high demand for technical and scientific education. Due to the enormous costs and infrastructure involved in creating globally respected Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), in 2002 Ministry of Human Resource Development(MHRD) Minister Murli Manohar Joshi decided to upgrade RECs to “National Institutes of Technology” (NITs) instead of creating IITs. The central government controls NITs and provides all funding. In 2002, all RECs became NITs.

The upgrade was designed along the lines of the prestigious Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) after it was concluded that RECs had potential as proven by the success of their alumni and their contributions in the field of technical education. Subsequently, funding and autonomy for NITs increased, and they award degrees which have raised their graduates’ perceived value. These changes implemented recommendations of the “High Powered Review Committee” (HPRC).The HPRC, chaired by R.A. Mashelkar, submitted its report entitled “Strategic Road Map for Academic Excellence of Future RECs” in 1998.
In 2004, MHRD issued NIT status to three more colleges, located at Patna (Bihar Engineering College, a 110-year-old college), Raipur(Government Engineering College), and Agartala(Tripura Engineering College).Based on the request of state governments and feasibility, future NITs are either converted from existing institutes or can be freshly created. The 21st (and the first brand-new) NIT is planned for Imphal in the north-eastern state of Manipur at an initial cost of Rs. 500 crores. In 2010, the government announced setting up ten new NITs in the remaining states/territories. This would lead to every state in India having its own NIT.
With the technology based industry’s continuing growth, the government decided to upgrade twenty National Institutes of Technology to full-fledged technical universities. Parliament passed enabling legislation, the National Institutes of Technology Act in 2007 and took effect on 15 August of that year. The target is to fulfill the need for quality manpower in the field of engineering, science, and technology and to provide consistent governance, fee structure, and rules across the NITs. The law designates each NIT an Institute of National Importance (INI).[10]
The Parliament of India on 1 August 2016 passed a bill to establish the prestigious NIT Andhra Pradesh, on a day members of parliament of the ruling Telugu Desam Party from the state staged a protest to demand special category status. The National Institutes of Technology, Science Education and Research (Amendment) Bill, 2016 was passed by Rajya Sabha by voice vote. The bill was passed in Lok Sabha on 21 July 2016.[11].

Serial No

Name

Short Name

Founded

Established

City/Town

State/UT

1

MNNIT

1961

2001

2

MANIT

1960

2002

3

NITC

1961

2002

4

NITH

1986

2002

5

MNIT

1963

2002

6

NIT Jalandhar

NITJ

1987

2002

7

NITJSR

1960

2002

8

NITKKR

1963

2002

9

VNIT

1960

2002

10

NITRKL

1961

2002

11

NITS

1967

2002

12

NITK

1960

2002

13

NITW

1959

2002

14

NITDGP

1960

2003

15

NITSRI

1960

2003

16

SVNIT

1961

2003

17

NITT

1964

2003

18

NITP

1886

2004

19

NITRR

1956

2005

20

NITA

1965

2006

21

NITAP

2010

2010

22

NITD

2010

2010

23

NITG

2010

2010

Goa

24

NITMN

2010

2010

25

NITM

2010

2010

26

NITMZ

2010

2010

27

NITN

2010

2010

28

NITPY

2010

2010

29

NITSKM

2010

2010

30

NITUK

2010

2010

31

NITANP

2015

2015

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